The planning department of the City of Rome is Lead Partner of the project given the great importance of urban regeneration for the future development strategy of the city. Many public areas and buildings in the city are currently being decommissioned by their former occupiers and managers. There are in fact a wide range of publicly owned spaces, such as military areas, barracks, cinemas, railway properties, but also many private owned spaces such as residential and industrial. In this context, the proposal addresses the need to build higher government capacity in envisioning new uses – on the basis of emerging demand and opportunities – and in putting in place adequate planning devices in order to make them possible. Temporary uses are extremely useful from both these points of view: as a device able to bridge emerging demands and opportunities in the field of potential uses with the actual availability of a specific physical capital; as a device able to clarify the kind of innovative rational that must characterise planning tools dedicated to this kind of uses.
Alba Iulia (RO)
The City of Alba Iulia is undergoing a series of great urban regeneration projects both in the Citadel and the surrounding neighbourhoods, reason why there is great interest in testing temporary uses in many abandoned buildings in the city. Some of these spaces have been given to various actors from different fields of activity, NGOs, Economic Agents, etc., which now rehabilitated them to be used for professional purposes. Is it also important to notice that temporary uses have already been inserted into some local projects as in the case of the neighborhood heating stations where several activities have been developed in the last years.
In 2009 the city of Bremen came up with the idea of a temporary use agency for the whole city as a pilot project of the Nationale Stadtentwicklungspolitik, a program of the Federal Ministry of Building. The pilot project in Bremen was supported by partners from various official bodies: the board of economy as leading partner, the department of building and traffic, the department of finances and, very important, the department of public property management. This way the ZwischenZeitZentrale was established.
OBSERVATORY BOARD CITIES
Budapest is part of the TUTUR Observatory Board as it has suffered more from the economic crises than many other European cities. The recession, combined with many building types becoming obsolete and no longer able to respond to contemporary needs, as well as with the inflexible management of real estate properties by various kinds of owners has emptied a significant proportion of the city from its previous functions and use. Over 30% of office spaces are estimated to be vacant in Budapest, adding up to an estimated million square meters of wasted space, in addition to the visible abundance of empty storefronts, abandoned residential buildings and even commercial complexes.
In 2010 Graz ́ government decided to develop a little district in the City center with many empty and neglected spaces. As the area was in the very center of the City to find a solution was of great importance furthermore it should be represent a pilot project for the planned refurbishment of the quite larger Annenstraße, the street connecting the railway station to the main square. For this reason a district manager was installed for a period of 3 years who was responsible for the communication between owners, shop keepers, clients interested in renting a shop and the Department for Economic and Tourism Development of the municipality of Graz. The project included refurbishment activities, reuse, temporary use and new shops. The Department for Economic and Tourism Development granted temporary projects with financial support and new shops with a rent funding during the first three years. The project ended end 2012, a NGO founded from shop keepers of the small district is now taking care of the activities in the Jakoministraße.
The Municipality of Kavala is situated at the north-most part of Greece and it is a costal area. The primary sector is considerably developed, compared to the national average and is linked to the secondary sector. The primary sector is represented by agriculture and forestry: cultivation of intensive crops, such as vegetables,vineyards, tobacco, potatoes, cotton, fruits, as well as cereals. In Kavala fishing industry is developed as well. There is a developed secondary sector in the area. Considerable efforts have been made for strengthening the secondary sector. Other main industrial sub-sectors, apart from the traditional extracting industry, are the food and beverage production, clothing and textile industry. Most of the enterprises operating in the area are small or very small and lag in the adoption of new technologies and the rationalization of their production capacity. The service sector is very active. The enterprises operating in the tertiary sector are mainly located in the urban center of Kavala.The majority of these active enterprises is in the financial sector / banking\ services, telecommunications, trade and logistics and present a dynamic potential for development. In the Kavala summer tourism is becoming increasingly important. The area has the potential to welcome visitors with diversified interests and offer them alternativesolutions for leisure and tourism. The tourism industry is constantly developing and perspectives for additional progress are high. It should be noted, however, that the initiatives taken so far lacked strategic coordination. Indeed, some tourism infrastructure exists, but without particular nterconnection between services and professionals of the tourism sector.